That's especially true for women speakers, since the over-attention to these factors can sometimes be used to silence women. After all, if we're all busy nitpicking how you speak, we're not really listening to what you're saying, right? As linguistics professor Robin Lakoff says, "We ought not to be instructing women to be better speakers. We should rather be teaching ourselves to be better listeners."
Here's my short list:
- Ums and uhs: Yes, these can be distracting on those rare occasions where the nervous or ill-prepared speaker dumps 2 ums for every word. But for the rest of us, ums and uhs are normal--so much so, they are found in every language in the world, and make up about 10 percent of EVERYONE's speech. Everyone. (And most of the words you utter are function words like "a," "an," and "the." "Um" doesn't come close.) Even the very first audio recording, made by Thomas Edison, includes a big, fat "um" in the middle of it. And it was audio recording that made us all aware of our ums, according to Michael Erard's excellent book, Um. . .: Slips, Stumbles, and Verbal Blunders, and What They Mean. Instead of working on replacing ums--which generally are a sign you've forgotten what you want to say--try practicing more in advance of your speech or presentation, or work on memorizing portions or all of the talk. Most of your audience won't notice um any more than they do, say, the more frequently uttered "the." Some suggest there are advantages to using ums.
- Vocal fry and uptalk: These supposedly modern trends in speaking are often attributed to young women (although plenty of men from Silicon Valley helped make uptalk popular over the past 25 years). Now, linguists say you should be giving them credit for establishing trends in how we all speak, rather than trying to get them to reform themselves. One linguist says, "The truth is this: Young women take linguistic features and use them as power tools for building relationships." And since the article cites such old-timers as actress Mae West as a vocal fry user on occasion--for emphasis--let's stop blaming and shaming young speakers on this score. Apparently, it's been around a lot longer than you think.
- Resting face: I've already suggested that we take the "bitch" out of "resting bitch face," because it's a phenomenon that occurs no matter what your gender is. Everyone's face in default mode or resting mode has a mouth that either flatlines, or is slightly downturned. So it's normal for you to have "resting face" when you are not actively speaking. "Resting bitch face," to my ear, is another way of telling women they ought to smile, suggesting that they're there to be pleasant and pretty. But there's nothing wrong with not being "on" all the time. After all, in a poker game or a tense, political meeting, a good resting face is a decided asset.
- Gesturing: I still shake my head when I hear people being shamed, or feeling ashamed, for gesturing. Your brain needs you to gesture in order to produce smooth and fluent speech, and the gestures can be random, not necessarily a literal illustration of your words. So gesture away, dear speakers. And if you're one of those who keeps your hands in your pockets to avoid gesturing, remember: Immobilizing your hands will make you stumble and sputter and "um" more, so keep one hand free to gesture, at a minimum.
Umlessness is a linguistic ideology which people will go to great lengths to justify & make natural.— michael erard (@michaelerard) June 23, 2016
Most of the time, freely shared advice represents only that one person; that's one of the major differences between getting coaching from a professional with thousands of use cases, and someone who just wants you to present the way she would do it. Unfortunately, however, many coaches focus on picking just these nits, or focusing on externals instead of your content. Some observers will use them to shame you into being silent. The most important thing for speakers to remember is that these are natural, not unnatural, qualities, not deep flaws that will prevent you from becoming a great speaker. Spend some time thinking about the context for the criticism, before you take it personally.
(Creative Commons licensed photo by Nicole Mays)
Join me in Edinburgh, Scotland, on October 20 for a new workshop, Add Meaning with Metaphor: Improve your Speeches with the Most Powerful Figure of Speech. It's a pre-conference workshop at the Edinburgh Speechwriters and Business Communicators Conference, designed to help both speakers and speechwriters use this powerful tool. You can register here for just the workshop, the conference, or both, and you'll get the best discount if you sign up by August 1.